The intent of kiwifruit winter pruning is to provide a canopy of fruiting wood to bear your 2020 crop. Done well, it will help make that crop a high yield of good quality and well-sized fruit, while also aiding yield potential for the following seasons.
It is an understatement to say that Horticulture is an important industry in New Zealand. Fresh Facts figures for year ending June 2017 show an $8.8 billion industry and 10.3 percent of New Zealand’s merchandise exports (dominated by Kiwifruit, Wine and Apples) and yet many young people looking at career choices are not aware of the opportunities, innovation and complexity of our wonderful industry.
Royal Gala is a good variety to consider given that it is our most planted variety and as an early season apple, it is strongly influenced by summer growing conditions. Phenology is the scientific term for the study of the effects of climate on plant life – historical data tells us that Royal Gala bloom and harvest dates vary a lot.
This article is a collaborative ‘thought piece’ about spraying of apple orchards in New Zealand. We start with a historical context, then discuss current spray calibration theory and practice and finish by looking ahead at how orchards and supporting technology are evolving.
Every kiwifruit growing season is different. What happened last season is often top of mind and we set out ready to solve or prevent the problems of last season. The real success comes when we are able to solve or prevent the problems of this season!
As the horticultural sector goes through strong growth and is well on track to become a $10 billion industry by 2020, and with the pipfruit industry doubling in value to $1 billion by 2020 there is more and more discussion around labour, or more to the point – lack of it.
Nutrient management plans are required for farms in the dairying sector, mainly because of their greater use of nitrogen fertilisers and the influence of large animals that contribute to nitrogen leaching. While there is not the same requirement for an orchard operation to have a nutrient management plan, there are potential benefits in going through the process.